Cryptozoology is the study of hidden animals, which are often called Cryptids. In this article, we’ll look at both the origin of cryptozoology and the mysterious creatures this branch of science studies.
Cryptozoology: A primer
Cryptozoology is the study of hidden or unknown animals, which are called cryptids. These elusive animals may be either a species that is thought to be extinct, and therefore waiting to be rediscovered, or an entirely unknown species altogether.
The word Cryptozoology was invented by Ivan T. Sanderson in the 1940s, when he was writing about sea serpents. The term was later popularized by zoologist Dr. Bernard Heuvelmans, who eventually became heralded as the father of Cryptozoology. In the 1950s, Heuvelmans wrote a book about this area of study called “On the Track of Unknown Animals.”
In general, cryptozoology is considered a pseudoscience by the scientific community at large.
1. The Loch Ness Monster
Going all the way back to the first century A.D., the Loch Ness Monster, or affectionately referred to by the nickname of “Nessie” has been spotted in the waters of Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. Worldwide attention over the Loch Ness Monster came to prominence in 1933 when the first alleged photograph of Nessie was published.
A new skeleton that resembles the descriptions of the Loch Ness Monster was discovered in Antarctica in 1989, but a full excavation was only completed this year due to the harsh environment. It is the most complete skeleton of its kind ever found. Some scientists believe could explain the existence of the Loch Ness Monster as being a prehistoric creature that may have survived extinction.
An international team of researchers performed a DNA study of Loch Ness in 2018 and the results are expected sometime in 2019.
2. Bigfoot / Sasquatch / Yeti
This creature is referred to by many names: Bigfoot, Sasquatch, Yeti, Windigo, Alma and Yowie. It’s reported range is all over the world. No matter where the creature is spotted, it is always described more or less the same: A giant ape-like creature, an ape-man hybrid that walks upright, is said to stand somewhere between 7-9 feet tall.
It avoids contact with others, and is alleged to put off a foul odor. Descriptions of its color vary depending on habitat, anywhere from grayish, to Brown, to pure white.
No hard evidence for the existence of this creature has ever been found. Alleged hair, bone or blood samples have all been DNA tested and proven to be those of already existing known creatures.
The Chupacabra is a legend of many Hispanic communities. It also is referred to as El Chupacabra in Spanish or Goat Sucker in English.
It is a nightmarish creature, lizard-like in its appearance, standing on two feet, with a face that resembles a dog, featuring red eyes. Similar to some reptiles, it has a spiny back and large things. Mostly, it is a type of vampire lizard.
It mostly feeds on farm animals, such as goats or chickens, draining them of their blood. Although often cited, only one potential creature was killed by a farmer. However, the dead animal turned out to be a coyote with an extreme case of mange.